Inventory of CO2 emissions of Red Eléctrica de España, S.A.U

consumed (per type) x emission factor (according to type) Emission factor: based on the indications “Business travel Service Sector V2”. GHG Protocol Tools. 2.1.3 Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions gaz sf6 gas is a dielectric gas used in electricity substations. It is mainly found in switchgear and Gas Insulated Substations (GIS). Calculation method:Get price

Inventory of CO2 emissions of Red Eléctrica de España, S.A.U

Emission factor according to equipment manufacturing year 1990-1998 2% 1999-2007 1% From 2008 0.05% CO 2 emissions: to convert from sf 6 emissions to CO2, the GWP value of 22800 over 100 years, published in the 2007 IPCC fourth assessment report, is used.Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas gaz sf6 are rising

Benchmarking progress is essential to a successful transition. The World Economic Forum’s Energy Transition Index, which ranks 115 economies on how well they balance energy security and access with environmental sustainability and affordability, shows that the biggest challenge facing energy transition is the lack of readiness among the world’s largest emitters, including US, China, IndiaGet price


The paper concludes with a review of available emission factors for insulating gas and their uncertainty (order-of-magnitude, based on expert judgement). 2 MAGNITUDE OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SOURCES Greenhouse gas emissions from industrial processes are presently about 3% of global total CO2-eq. emissions ( Figure 1).Get price

Overview of sf 6 Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · Overview of sf6 gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems In collaboration with the industry Partners and stakeholders, EPA compiled this report on SF 6 emission sources and best practices in mitigating sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) in the electric power systems.Get price

Spain Carbon (CO2) Emissions 1960-2021 | MacroTrends

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Spain carbon (co2) emissions for 2016 was 244,002.18, a 2.59% decline from 2015.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Two major factors recommend its use: its concentration can be measured with satisfactory accuracy at very low concentrations, and the Earthatmosphere has a negligible concentration of SF 6. Sulfur hexafluoride was used as a non-toxic test gas in an experiment at St. JohnWood tube station in London, United Kingdom on 25 March 2007.Get price


The national and European emission factors are presented below National and European emission factors for consumed electricity Country Standard emission factor (t CO 2/MWh e) LCA emission factor (t CO 2-eq/MWh e) Austria 0.209 0.310 Belgium 0.285 0.402 Germany 0.624 0.706 Denmark 0.461 0.760 Spain 0.440 0.639 Finland 0.216 0.418Get price


2020 edition of the Emission factors data package. This excel file includes 10 sheets with a set of carbon emission factors for electricity and electricity/heat generation. The factors are described below: CO2 emission factors for electricity and heat generation for world countries (in CO2 per kWh, 1990 to 2018). (Sheet CO2 KWH ELE HEAT)Get price

CO2 Emission Factors for Fossil Fuels - Umweltbundesamt

from statistics, by the applicable emission factors. The emission factors for this purpose depend pri-marily on the carbon content and net calorific value of the fuels involved. Over 80 % of all German greenhouse-gas emissions are calculated in this manner. For this reason, the quality of the factors is of central importance.Get price

Historical global emission trends of the Kyoto gases HFCs

and available production or sales statistics of these compounds and emission factors from recent literature (Olivier et al., 1999; 2000). The compilation of this global database (which provides global annual emissions of greenhouse gases, both per region/country and on a 1o x 1o grid) is a joint project of RIVM and TNO in the Netherlands.Get price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Measurement and Reporting

Feb 14, 2018 · emission factor can be computed using the fuel carbon content and NCV: ,𝐶 2 = × 44 12 Where: ,𝐶 2 is the CO 2 emission factor (tonne CO /tonne fuel) for the fuel (f) is the ratio of carbon in the fuel (f) on a tonne carbon/tonne fuel basis is the net calorific value (GJ/tonne fuel) for fuel (f) 44 12Get price

Air and climate - Air and GHG emissions - OECD Data

CO2 refers to gross direct emissions from fuel combustion only and data are provided by the International Energy Agency. Other air emissions include emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) given as quantities of SO2 and NO2, emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), and emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), excluding methane.Get price

sf 6 emissions from university and research particle

insulating gas Use Factor = 0.33 Approximately one third of university and research particle accelerators use sf6 gas as an insulator. sf6 gas Charge Factor = 2400 kg, Sulfr hexafluoride, the average insulating gas charge in a university and research particle accelerator. Sulfr hexafluoride university and research particle accelerator Emission Factor = 0.07, the average annual university and researchGet price

emissions in Barcelona july 14 -

However some remarks have to be made on the evolution of the electricity emission factor. The national electricity emission factor has “improved” in GHG emission terms. The political commitment that used to be in Spain in the promotion of renewable sources is the main responsible for this.Get price

Spain CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in Spain are equivalent to 5.40 tons per person (based on a population of 46,634,140 in 2016), a dicrease by -0.17 over the figure of 5.57 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of-3.0% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

Spain Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and gaz sf6).Get price

The Role of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases in Meeting Kyoto - OECD

It is estimated that the uncertainty regarding N2O from agriculture is a factor 2-3. Regarding industrial emissions, the production of adipic acid and the production of nitric acid (HNO3) are major emission sources. These emissions depend to some extent on the applied technology. The uncertainty in the emission estimates is a factor 1.5.Get price

Spain: Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 2000-2019 | Statista

Jan 13, 2021 · Spain has reduced significantly CO2 emissions over the recent years, falling from a high record of approximately 379 million metric tons of CO2 down to roughly 278.5 million metric tons in 2019.Get price

(PDF) Evolution of NOx and SO2 emissions in Spain: Ceilings

Even though significant NOx and SO2 emissions reductions have been observed in Spain during last decade, there is a strong commitment to keep reducing the levels of pollution in order to improveGet price

TechTopics No. 111 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

Therefore, net emissions of SF 6 comprised 5.1/5791.2 = 0.088 percent (less than 0.1 percent) of total net emissions in the U.S. 7 Total net emissions for 1990 were shown as 5,525.2 MMT CO 2-equivalent, and the emissions of electrical transmission and distribution were 25.4 MMT CO 2-equivalent.Get price

Myth About sf6 gas Gas In Electrical Equipment

Apr 12, 2021 · 21. How much Sulfr hexafluoride (quantified in kg) can escape due to “normal” leakage? This depends on the filling quantity, which depends on the rating and design of the equipment (volume and pressure). For HV switchgear the emission factor ranges from about 0.1% per year to 0,5% (0,5% per year is the maximum acceptable leakage rate according to IECGet price

High-temperature etching of SiC in sf 6/O2 inductively coupled

Nov 17, 2020 · Camara, N. Zekentes, K. Study of the reactive ion etching of 6H–SiC and 4H–SiC in sf6 gas/Ar plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy and laser interferometry. Solid-State Electron. 46 , 1959Get price

Spain: annual greenhouse gas emissions from industrial

Feb 26, 2020 · To obtain emissions in CO2-equivalents using their global warming potential (GWP) the following weighting factors are used: CH4=25 and N2O=298, NF3=17200 and Sulfr hexafluoride=22800.Get price

IEA Online Data Services. Emissions Factors

Correction factors for CO2 emissions induced by electricity trade for OECD countries (in CO2 per kWh,1990 to 2018). CH4 and N2O emission factors from electricity generation (in CO2eq per kWh,1990 to 2018). Emission factors for fuel consumption in other sectors than electricity and heat production (in CO2 per kg of fuel).Get price


Flaring emission factor for GHG CH4 g/t refinery feed CO2 kg/t refinery fe ed 0.5 3.14 Ref: Spain’s National Emissions Inventory CORINE AIRE 1997-2000 Vol 2. 2002 As the total amount of gas sent to each flare has been available to do this project an emission factor based in this activity rate was deduced.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride gas Companies and Suppliers in Europe | Environmental XPRT

Rapidox - Model 6100 - Pump Back sf6 gas Gas Analyser. The Rapidox Sulfr hexafluoride 6100 Pump Back is the latest in fully-automatic gas analysers, designed for controlling and monitoring the quality of sf6 gas in medium high voltage gas insulatedGet price


AleaSoft, November 27, 2018. AleaSoft presents a series of reports on the main factors that influence the price of the Iberian electricity market MIBEL. In this first report, AleaSoft analyses the influence on the price of external factors to the electricity market, such as the price of fuels and the price of CO2 emission rights. […]Get price

sf 6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) | Data

Sulfr hexafluoride gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): price

EU Report Highlights Sulphur Hexafluoride Countdown

This is the latest in a series of indications that the pressure is on to phase out Sulfr hexafluoride, as part of the EU’s mission (2) to cut harmful greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by two-thirds between 2014 and 2030. Replacing sf 6 would be a significant contribution by the energy distribution industry as it the biggest GHG contributor for this sector.Get price